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Chapter 8

Chapter 8 Greek Civilization
  • Cultures are held together by shared beliefs and common practices and values.
  • People, places, and ideas change over time.
  • Leaders can bring about change in society.
Essential Questions
  • What makes a culture unique?
  • How do new ideas change the way people live?
  • What are the characteristics of a leader?
Questions to explore:
  • how the ancient Greeks honored gods and goddesses
  • the ideas that the ancient Greeks expressed in their literature, drama, art, and architecture
  • ancient Greek beliefs about history and science
  • how successful Alexander was in achieving his goals
  • how Hellenistic kingdoms spread Greek culture
  • ideas developed during the Hellenistic Era
Students will be able to:
  • analyze images of Greek gods and goddesses
  • organize information about Greek gods and goddesses
  • describe ancient Greek philosophy
  • explain the philosophy of Socrates
  • discuss the life of Socrates
  • compare and contrast Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle
  • compare and contrast the qualities of a great military leader and an effective ruler
  • categorize Alexander's leadership qualities and military achievements
  • analyze images of culture from the Hellenistic Era
  • explain the meaning of Hellenistic
  • identify contributions from the Hellenistic Era
  • illustrate an idea from the Hellenistic Era
NCSS Standards covered in "Greek Civilization"
Learners will understand
1. "Culture" refers to the socially transmitted behaviors, beliefs, values, traditions, institutions, and ways of living together for a group of people
2. Concepts such as beliefs, values, institutions, cohesion, diversity, accommodation, adaptation, assimilation, and dissonance
3. How culture influences the ways in which human groups solve the problems of daily living
4. That the beliefs, values, and behaviors of a culture form an integrated system that helps shape the activities and ways of life that define a culture
8. That language, behaviors, and beliefs of different cultures can both contribute to and pose barriers to cross-cultural understanding
2. Concepts such as: chronology, causality, change, conflict, complexity, multiple perspectives, primary and secondary sources, and cause and effect

3. That learning about the past requires the interpretation of sources, and that using varied sources provides the potential for a more balanced interpretive record of the past

Design a Sarcophagus

Websites to use-

Chapter 5 Vocabulary

EGYPT --Academic Vocabulary Tier 3

Cataracts- dangerous, fast-moving waters
Delta- a fan-shaped area of marshy land near where a river flows into the sea
Shadoof- a bucket attached to a long pole, used to move water for irrigation
Papyrus- a reed plant that grows along the Nile River
Hieroglyphics- a writing system made up of picture and sound symbols
Dynasty-a line of rulers from one family
Theocracy- a government in which the same person is the political and religious leader
Pharaoh- ruler of ancient Egypt
Bureaucrat- government official
Embalming- the process of preserving dead bodies
pyramid -a great stone tomb built for an Egyptian pharaoh
incense- a material burned for its pleasant smell
envoy- a person who represents his country in a foreign place
savanna -a flat grassland, sometimes with scattered trees, in a tropical or subtropical region
textile -woven cloth